Not so creamy for milk farmers
Updated: 2011-07-08 11:09
By Wei Tian (China Daily European Weekly)
A farmer feeds cows in Qingbao village in Baoding, Hebei province. Amid rising costs, unpredictable outbreaks of disease and industrial scandals, many farmers are considering exiting the industry. Zhu Xingxin / for China Daily
New quality standards to sound death knell for dairy communes
'If you hate someone, send him to breed cows" is now a black joke widespread among Qiao Dongming and his fellow dairy farmers at Wangshengtan, a livestock base in Hebei province, 160 kilometers from Beijing.
The farm in Qingbao village in Baoding, Hebei, currently has 800 cows, with 30 dairy farmers like Qiao, who whip their cattle into the milking parlor in the base every morning and evening, producing about 8,000 liters of fresh milk each day for Inner Mongolia Yili Industrial Group Co Ltd, a leading Chinese dairy producer.
If things go well, Qiao, who owns more than 100 cows, can make between 8,000 (856 euros) and 10,000 yuan a month, more than most white-collar workers make in China's capital city. In terms of asset value, Qiao's 100 cows, costing 10,000 yuan each, make him a millionaire.
With flexible working hours and seemingly decent pay, many would view his Arcadian life as a dream job. However, Qiao himself would absolutely disagree.
Rise of controversy
The current standard of Chinese dairy products was recently denounced as the "worst in the world" by Wang Dingmian, the chairman of the Guangzhou Dairy Association, because of the low protein content and high levels of bacteria allowed by the official regulations.
Wang's comments came under fire from Nadamude, the secretary-general of the Dairy Association of the Inner Mongolia autonomous region, who claimed that if the standards for dairy products are raised, the resultant rise in costs would mean that 70 percent of dairy farmers would have to sell their cows.
The debate is again arousing nationwide discussion on whether or not to improve the criteria. But for Qiao, this will soon be none of his business, as he is planning to sell his cows, and quit the job he has held for more than four years.
"Actually I have never made a profit in recent years," Qiao says.
"The sum of 10,000 yuan a month may seem like a decent amount, but it's nothing compared with what I've lost during the past few years," he says.
The 34-year-old entered the dairy industry in 2007, and has experienced nearly all of the major "turbulence" in the industry since then, including the 2008 scandal - when milk tainted with melamine entered the food chain - and the spread of foot-and-mouth disease in 2009.
When the melamine scandal broke, all milk collection was suspended overnight, Qiao says. With demand dropping sharply, he had to dispose of tens of thousands of liters of milk.
During the foot-and-mouth outbreak, nearly half of the herd at Wangshengtan farm was affected, leading to the deaths of more than 40 of Qiao's cows. Some farmers managed to sell their non-infected cows at a "beef" price, which is lower than they'd fetch as livestock. Others had to watch the dead cows piling up, Qiao recalls.
Even during "peacetime", Qiao has to be vigilant to prevent his cows from contracting Bovine Mastitis, which is a common disease in the herd.
"Once a cow is infected, its milk cannot be approved for collection for at least a year, and the cows become a pure waste of money," Qiao says, explaining that even under normal circumstances only 30 to 40 of his 100 cows actually produce milk, when calves and those suffering from mastitis are taken into account.
"I now understand why old people say 'better to grow crops with roots than to breed cattle with mouths'," Qiao says. "Cattle-breeding is just too risky a business.
"After all we've been through over the years, any dairy farmer who has persisted until now should be regarded as a hero of the industry," Qiao says.
But Qiao and other dairy farmers weren't tricked into joining the cattle-raising business, neither are they doing it to be heroic. There was once a time when breeding cows was a truly rewarding job.