Older society presents big challenges for future
Updated: 2016-03-07 08:05
By Shan Juan(China Daily)
Seniors are living longer but have more disabilities, new survey finds
The aging of China's population will present serious challenges in the decades ahead, particularly in healthcare, according to the China Longitudinal Aging Social Survey conducted by Renmin University of China's National Survey Research Center.
About 11,000 seniors from 134 counties and districts responded to the survey, which was released over the weekend.
More than 75 percent of the survey respondents reported suffering from chronic diseases such as hypertension, heart disease, diabetes and arthritis.
By the end of last year, China had 222 million seniors, more than 4.4 million of whom suffer from severe disabilities that require long term care.
Deteriorating mental health was another concern, with 25 percent of seniors polled saying they were lonely and half saying they lived on their own with no children to care for them.
China's population, on average, is expected to become significantly older between 2022 and 2040 as members of the country's baby boom generation become senior citizens.
This aging, coupled with a labor shortage, could be the greatest demographic challenge China has ever faced, according to Zhai Zhenwu, professor of sociology and population studies at Renmin University of China in Beijing.
"The universal second-child policy introduced late last year will delay this trend but cannot reverse it," Zhai said.
According to Du Peng, a professor of gerontology who led the survey, "it's an aging society but not very old."
Although the effects of aging are manageable at present, Du said, baby boomers will propel China toward becoming an intensively aging society in the coming years.
China's last baby boom started in the early 1960s and lasted until the 80s, with an average of more than 20 million children born every year.
It peaked in 1963, when about 29 million children were born, and came to an end when the recently rescinded one-child policy was introduced. Last year, China had 16.5 million newborns, government data show.
According to the survey, seniors are living longer but are also suffering from various disabilities that can create a heavy burden for their families and society in general.
Du suggested that the government adopt measures that would help counteract the effects of the aging population.
"Long-term care insurance could be a major tool in this regard," he said.
Doctor Wang Yunde from the Zhangqiu No 2 People's Hospital evaluates an elderly patient at a nursing home in Jinan, Shandong province, on March 1. Guo Xulei / Xinhua
(China Daily 03/07/2016 page7)