China's wine consumption is growing
Updated: 2014-04-25 11:51
By Jack Freifelder in New York (China Daily USA)
"China is a large consumer market for a number of products: cars, perhaps consumer electronic items and why not wine?"
That was a question raised during a discussion on "Trends in the Wine and Food Industries in Hong Kong and China" and the person raising it was Anthony Mak, director of the Hong Kong Trade Development Council (HKTDC).
Mak spoke at the gathering earlier this week hosted by the Hong Kong Association of New York (HKANY). The event was presented as part of The Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (SAR) Briefing Series.
"On average Chinese consumers are just consuming one-fifth of what Hong Kong consumers are doing in terms of wine," Mak said. "So even if China is the largest consumer market for wine in the world, it has a lot of potential to grow even further."
The Chinese mainland and the Hong Kong SAR entered into a Closer Economic Partnership Agreement (CEPA) in June 2003. A significant part of the agreement is that Hong Kong and the Chinese mainland have zero import tariffs for goods going between the two. As a result, one of the markets that has picked up in the last decade is China's liquor consumption.
In addition to being the world's largest alcohol market, China is also the biggest global consumer of red wine, per data from a January 2014 report by International Wine & Spirit Research (IWSR).
The country, including the wine hub of Hong Kong, consumed 155 million nine-liter cases (1.87 billion bottles) of red wine in 2013. France and Italy rounded out the top three with 150 million and 141 million cases, respectively.
Red wine consumption in the world's second-largest economy nearly tripled between 2007 and 2013, according to a Jan 29 story by The Wall Street Journal, while the other two leading wine consumers each saw reductions.
However, wine consumption on a per capita basis in China (1.5 liters per person) still trails France by a sizeable margin (51.9 liters per person).
When the focus changes from red wine to overall wine consumption, the US remains the world's top wine-drinking nation. In 2012, the US drank 333 million cases, with France, Italy, the UK and China rounding out the top five.
Marion Tilly - brand manager for Monsieur Touton Selection Ltd, a New York-based wholesale distributor of wines and spirits - said some of her Chinese clients buy wine but not normally for personal consumption.
"Chinese people don't necessarily have a huge wine drinking culture," Tilly said in an interview with China Daily. "They tend to buy wine, but mostly for gifts because of the gift-giving culture. I've also noticed that some restaurants that have Chinese clients don't necessarily sell wine a lot because Chinese people are drinking mostly beer."
Anthony Mak (left), director of service promotion with the Hong Kong Trade Development Council, chats with Jennie Ma, a real estate broker with the Corcoran Group, at an event on trends in wine and food in Hong Kong and the Chinese mainland in New York. Jack Freifelder / China Daily
(China Daily USA 04/25/2014 page2)