Full speed ahead for high speed rail expansion
Updated: 2015-01-29 10:32
BEIJING - No sector better symbolizes China's shift from a nation of labor intensive manufacturing to one that excels in the high-tech field, than high speed rail (HSR).
When the idea for a HSR network was raised over a decade ago, trains and supporting equipment had to be sourced from foreign companies, such as Japanese corporation Kawasaki, French firm Alstom and Germany's Siemens.
With its strategy of "introduction, digestion, absorption and innovation", China's domestic industry is now a roaring success. Its two domestic manufacturers, China North Railway (CNR) and China South Railway (CSR), now control the country's entire HSR market.
By 2014, just six years after the launch of China's first HSR passenger service, there was 16,000 km of tracks, connecting most major cities.
However, building more than half of the world's total HSR lines in ten years is just the beginning, as there are plans to add another 16,000 km of track by 2020.
Not just satisfied with domestic expansion, China has been ambitiously extending its influence beyond its borders.
Although a latecomer to the field, Chinese companies are now in a position to bid for, and win, major contracts in both emerging and developed countries.
According to German transportation consultant firm, SCI Verkehr, CNR and CSR currently hold the lion's share of the world's HSR market, with their sales revenue equal to the other five top companies combined.
Cost advantages and shorter delivery time have made Chinese HSR equipment more competitive than its counterparts, said Xu Zongxiang, CSR's vice president.
Xu said the domestic industry chain saw lower production costs while higher labor efficiency helped shorten delivery time for one train to 12 months, compared with between 18 and 22 months required by foreign manufacturers.
To further strengthen its competitive edge, a CNR and CSR merger is on the horizon. China Academy of Engineering academic Wang Mengshu said this would allow China to better concentrate on innovation.
In addition to promoting its HSR equipment and technology, China is also championing a global network and pushing forward construction.