Updated: 2013-09-20 17:32
The construction of Yuanmingyuan began. Emperor Kangxi gave the garden to his fourth son, the future Yongzheng emperor, as a gift.
Emperor Yongzheng largely expanded the garden, introducing waterworks to the complex. He also named 28 scenic spots within the garden.
Emperor Qianlong personally directed the second round of expansion, and the number of scenic spots increased to 50.
Yuanmingyuan was looted and burned by British and French expeditionary forces during the Second Opium War. The place was set on fire, which took three days to burn down. Only 13 buildings in remote areas survived.
Yuanmingyuan was again looted and completely destroyed by the Eight-Nation Alliance. The eight countries are Austria-Hungary, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Russia, the United Kingdom and the United States.
The garden was listed as a key culture relic protection site after the founding of New China.
The Yuanmingyuan Administration was set up to direct the renovation of the garden.
The garden was listed as a Relics Park and was subsidized by the Beijing municipal government to recover its original landscape.
The garden opened to the public as a scenic spot.
(China Daily 09/18/2013 page18)