Updated: 2013-04-12 08:37
By Andrew Moody and Hu Haiyan (China Daily)
China's next big move will be in financial services
China might have been the world's manufacturing powerhouse for the past two decades but it could be in financial services where it is yet to have its most dramatic impact.
The country already has the world's biggest bank - ICBC (Industrial and Commercial Bank of China) by profit and market capitalization, and its four biggest banks are now among the top 10 biggest globally.
The engine of China's banking strength is the savings of the Chinese people. They stood at $3.6 trillion at the end of 2010, almost double the $1.83 trillion of the United States - whose citizens still retain a preference to spending.
China's sovereign wealth fund, China Investment Corporation, only set up in 2007, had $482.2 billion in assets under management at the end of 2011, two-thirds of which were in the United States.
Some of its most high profile deals include the 880 million pound (1.03 billion euros, $1.33 billion) rescue of Canary Wharf, London's second financial center, in 2009.
China's policy banks, China Development Bank and the Export-Import Bank of China, have been major forces in the developing world, particularly in Africa, where they have funded major infrastructure projects. The Export-Import Bank of China has lent more money in Africa than the World Bank in each of the last eight years and lent a total of $15 billion in 2011.
In Africa, the increasing presence of China's commercial banks has also been felt.
ICBC made the biggest ever foreign direct investment in South African history when it paid $5.5 billion for a 20 percent slice of Standard Bank, Africa's biggest bank, in 2007. The other banks are also increasing their Africa footprint.
The overseas ambitions of the Chinese banks are not disguised. Wang Hongzhang, president of China Construction Bank, made clear recently it was the intention to grow not only by setting up overseas branches but also by taking over foreign banks.
The bank's overseas assets were $83.6 billion in 2012, some 3.7 percent of its total and it is looking at opening in new markets.
"We are accelerating preparations to open in Dubai, Russia, Toronto, San Francisco. We conduct our overseas business by setting up CCB's own branches and agencies and by mergers and acquisitions."
In the major international financial centers, the presence of the Chinese banks is nowhere more visible than in London with Bank of China located right in the heart of the City of London, next to the Bank of England.
ICBC, which also has a base in Canary Wharf, is also believed to be in talks about setting up a new headquarters in the City financial district.
Mark Boleat, chairman of the policy and resources committee of the City of London, says Chinese investment is welcome in London.
"We expect all the big Chinese banks to be expanding what they are doing in London. China's financial industry is very large and growing very rapidly."