Crowds cheer Court decision on gay marriage
Updated: 2013-06-28 02:55
By Chen Weihua in Washington (China Daily)
People attend a rally in West Hollywood, California, after the United States Supreme Court ruled on California's Proposition 8 and the federal Defense of Marriage Act on Wednesday. Lucy Nicholson / REUTERS
It was a sweltering morning in Washington on Wednesday, but on the sidewalk outside the US Supreme Court, huge crowds were cheering as the court struck down a federal provision that denies legally married gay and lesbian couples the benefits enjoyed by other married couples.
The nine justices, however, stopped short of explicitly legalizing same-sex marriage nationwide.
In a 5-4 decision, the court first struck down Section 3 of the Defense of Marriage Act, which denied federal benefits to married gay and lesbian couples by strictly defining marriage as a union between a man and a woman.
Speaking for the 5-4 majority, Justice Anthony Kennedy said that DOMA was unconstitutional because it violated the right to liberty and equal protection for gay couples.
"By seeking to display this protection and treating those persons as living in marriages less respected than others, the federal statute" violates the Constitution, Kennedy said.
The ruling on Wednesday means that more than 100,000 same-sex couples who are legally married in the US can finally enjoy federal benefits such as tax breaks and pension rights that are available to heterosexual couples.
A Pew Center survey in May found that for the first time, more than half (51 percent) of Americans favored allowing gay men and lesbians to marry. The same survey found that 72 percent of US citizens believe that legal recognition of same-sex marriage is inevitable, regardless of whether they themselves favor or oppose it.
US President Barack Obama, currently traveling in Africa, hailed the decision. "We are a people who declared that we are all created equal — and the love we commit to one another must be equal as well," he said in a statement.
DOMA denied married gay and lesbians a raft of federal benefits that straight couples take for granted, from tax breaks to family hospital visits and the ability to sponsor a spouse for a residence visa.
The court also said a case on Proposition 8, a 2008 California voter initiative prohibiting same-sex marriage in the nation's most populous state, was improperly brought before them.
That 5-4 decision enabled the justices to dodge the thorny issue of whether same-sex marriage is a constitutional right, and means that gay marriages will likely resume in California.