Renewable energy set to steam ahead
Updated: 2013-11-13 01:27
By LI XIANG in Paris (China Daily)
Increase will exceed EU, US and Japan combined, says IEA report
China will see the biggest absolute increase in power generation from renewable energy in the next 20 years, more than the increase in the European Union, the United States and Japan combined as the country faces a serious battle against pollution, the International Energy Agency said.
China will be the strongest driver in the global trend where renewable energy will account for nearly half of the increase in global power generation by 2035, with variable sources, notably wind and solar photovoltaics making up 45 percent of the expansion, the Paris-based energy agency said in its annual World Energy Outlook report released on Tuesday.
The increase in power generation from renewable energy will then take a share above 30 percent in the global power mixture, drawing ahead of natural gas in the next few years and reaching the same level as coal as the leading fuel for power generation in 2035, according to the report.
"The good news for China playing an active role in developing renewable energy is that it will help decarbonize the global energy system," said Fatih Birol, the IEA's chief economist, in an interview with China Daily.
"The main challenge for global renewable energy today is that it is costly. If China builds a lot of renewable energy projects, it will help bring down the cost and enable it to compete with traditional sources of energy, namely coal and gas," he said.
Earlier reports said that China plans to invest 1.85 trillion yuan ($303 billion) in the renewable energy sector as part of its effort to curb the increasingly serious air pollution.
The country has pledged to reduce its carbon emissions per unit of GDP by 40 to 45 percent by 2020 from the 2005 level and increase the non-fossil energy consumption to 15 percent of its energy mixture, according to the National Development and Reform Commission.
Birol noted that Chinese policymakers' decision to put a cap on coal consumption will also boost the domestic natural gas market.
"The challenge is that the price of natural gas is much more expensive so it is a critical task for the policymakers to find a balance between consuming less of the dirty fuel and dealing with the increasing cost of economic development," he said.
China has recently decided to raise the on-grid prices paid to power generators that use natural gas to encourage greater use of cleaner energy.
Nevertheless, the IEA report forecast that China will continue to dominate the global energy demand for traditional energy sources because it has become the world's largest oil importer.
Meanwhile, China's consumption of coal will peak in 2020 and become stable as a result of improved energy efficiency and stabilized economic growth. India will replace China as the world's largest importer of coal by the early 2020s, it added.