Expert refutes criticism on China's Asia-Pacific diplomacy
Updated: 2014-06-22 19:04
BEIJING - A Chinese scholar has refuted former US National Security Advisor Stephen Hadley's allegations at the World Peace Foruma here that China's diplomacy in the Asia-Pacific has escalated regional tensions.
Wu Xinbo, executive dean of Institute of International Studies with Fudan University, told the People's Daily Saturday that Hadley's allegations reflected the US concerns about China's rise in the Asia-Pacific and the US intention to complicate the situation in the region.
First, the US overreaction to China's proposal at the Conference on Interaction and Confidence-Building Measures in Asia (CICA) shows the United States has not adapted itself to the new situation, said Wu who is also a participant in the forum.
Through the CICA, China wants to tell the world that security in Asia should be determined by Asian countries and the countries are capable and wise enough to safeguard and promote security in Asia through cooperation.
In the past, the United States played a leading role in regional security in the Asia-Pacific and was used to its allies and partners' reliance on it to solve security issues, he said.
But now, Wu said, with the development of Asian economies, Asian countries have become confident and come to realize the importance of dealing with regional security by themselves. Therefore, it is logical that security in Asia should be determined by Asian countries, he said.
The scholar also said it is unnecessary for the United States to worry about its role and influence in the region as China welcomes other countries' playing a positive and constructive role in the region.
Secondly, the United States and its allies are making troubles for China, which is not China's conspiracy theory as Hadley claimed, but is the truth, Wu said.
Taking a look at the US strategies in security, economy and foreign policy around China, Wu said, it is building a system with itself as the center and its allies as members.
The United States is building a security alliance, promoting the Trans-Pacific Partnership agreement and conducting US-Japan-Australia and US-Japan-India trilateral dialogues on how to deal with a rising China, he said.
These facts demonstrate that the United States is handling comprehensively its relations with a rising China through arrangements of counterbalancing the Asian giant. And many moves during this process are not in the interest of China, Wu said, adding that it is no wonder that Beijing felt it had been "tricked" by Washington.
If it is not true, "then will the United States tell China what it discussed with its allies in bilateral and trilateral dialogues, what role China has played in their dialogues and who they consider as a presumed enemy in the military cooperation with its allies?" Wu asked.
Thirdly, the United States is to blame if the endeavor in building a new model of major-country relations between the world's two largest economies is not processing satisfactorily, Wu said.
Hadley claimed China did not show enough sincerity and should adopt practical measures to promote the new model of major-country relationship.
Both countries should make joint efforts to build the new relations, Wu said.
"The Chinese leadership is serious about this proposal and has been considering concrete contents in the new model of China-US relationship. But the United States was not enthusiastic about the proposal in the beginning," Wu said.
"In fact, the divergence at home has affected the Obama administration's dealing with the US-China relations," he said.
On policies, the United States has not attached enough importance to the China-US relations and did not follow the strategy of major-country relations when handling some regional and bilateral issues, Wu said.
He said Washington was in opposition to Beijing on China's maritime disputes with its neighbors while on the Internet issues, suing Chinese military officers is destructive.
Lastly, it is irrational that the United States blamed China for lack of communication before setting up an air defence identification zone (ADIZ) over the East China Sea, Wu said.
"Has the United States informed China of its military operations in the Asia-Pacific? Then why did it place such an excessive demand on China?" Wu said. "We may need to inform the United States of setting up an ADIZ near the US border. But we did this near our territory and it is our legitimate right."