Deng's legacy goes a long way
Updated: 2014-08-23 07:57
By Han Qiang(China Daily)
Overseas scholars' research sheds new light on ideas and contributions from late chief architect of reform and opening
For many foreign scholars, their research into former Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping normally starts with the reform and opening-up he initiated in 1978, after which China underwent a wide spectrum of social changes. Ranging from Deng's life and thought to the history of reform in China, the overseas studies of this late Chinese leader have undeniably shed new light on not only his own political, economic, cultural, military and diplomatic thought, but also on his important theories including the "One Country, Two Systems" policy that successfully enabled Hong Kong's smooth return to Chinese administration.
The character of Deng, which many overseas China watchers conventionally highlight in their studies of his life and influence, commonly portray him as "typically pragmatic" in comparison with other former leaders of the Communist Party of China, such as Mao Zedong and Zhou Enlai.
Likewise in terms of historical status, Deng has always been highly regarded as a major designer of China's reform and opening-up among many foreign scholars. At a Los Angeles-based seminar evaluating Deng's achievements of running the country in 1993, all the participants appraised Deng as one of the most successful contemporary reformers and an effective peacekeeper and loyal friend to other communist countries. In addition, British scholar Tony Walker wrote an article for the Financial Times in the United Kingdom after Deng died in 1997, stating that Deng had written himself into history as both the founding father of China's modernization and one of the most influential leaders in the world's economic history.
Being the core notion and a landmark practice of Deng Xiaoping Theory, reform and opening-up were also greatly appreciated by most foreign scholars for being "peaceful and progressive". It featured progressive and interim policy changes instead of revolutionary rhetoric and methods, Gerrit W. Gong, a US scholar, wrote in an article titled "China's Fourth Revolution".
More importantly, Deng's reform policy comprehensively covered nearly all aspects of China's social economic system and economic structure, in regards to its type, scale, and even depth.
However, two entirely opposite viewpoints have been brought forward by many scholars as regards the relation of Deng Xiaoping Theory with Marxism and Mao Zedong Thought. In general, one side insists that Deng's theory denies and deviates from Marxism and Mao Zedong Thought, while the other prefers to believe the existence of interior connections between the three.