Capturing memories of brick and stone
Updated: 2013-08-02 14:35
By Sun Yuanqing (China Daily)
His images document ancient architecture in all its glory, worn and battered by time and use but true to its original form. Sun Yuanqing finds out what makes this photographer so passionate.
For some people, photography is a hobby, but Zhang Jianping sees it more as a calling. Over the last 24 years, Zhang has taken more than 400,000 pictures of the same subject: Hui-style architecture. He says these images serve only one purpose, and that is to "to preserve the memories of the original Huizhou".
"When it comes to ancient architecture, I believe in the Taoist rule of ‘non-action’, and to let the old be the old," Zhang says.
To make more people understand what he means, Zhang, however, is taking all kinds of action. He takes photographs, reads extensively on Huizhou’s history, publishes albums on Huizhou, advises the government, and campaigns on weibo — China’s micro-blogging site, where he has about 170,000 followers.
In the last weeks, Zhang has been campaigning for Jinzi shrine, a 517-year-old Hui-style ancestral temple that is going under a restoration, which Zhang believes to be destructive rather than helpful.
As with many other previous cases, the casual replacement of old material with new is causing even more damage to the cultural heritage, Zhang says.
"The carved bricks were thrown away and tiles were replaced with new ones. This is the worst nightmare in the 517 years of its history," Zhang says.
Hui-style structures, one of the major schools of Chinese architecture, originated from a historic region in southern Anhui province. The clusters of gray-tiled and white-walled houses have been constantly captured in traditional Chinese ink painting for its simple but elegant style.
Hui-style architecture attaches great importance to feng shui or geomancy to reach a balance between house and natural surrounding, so that the residence will have good ventilation and light.
When Zhang first started taking pictures in 1989, he was no more than an amateur fascinated by the beauty of Hui-style houses.
"Every village I visited, it was like a dream, a paradise where no two houses were identical," Zhang says. "It’s also a paradise that turned out to be very vulnerable."
Rapid reconstruction and modernization in rural China in the last few decades had posed a major threat to the preservation of Hui-style architecture.
While some houses were torn down and replaced by new concrete buildings, some were dismantled into stone and wooden sculptures and ornaments that were traded by antique dealers at prices as high as hundreds of thousands of yuan.
That’s when Zhang’s hobby turned into a mission.
"The more I see, the more tortured I am: To see the beautiful destroyed before my eyes again and again," Zhang says, his voice cracking.
The moment he presses the shutter is usually the last time he sees that architecture, which will soon make way for another modern building.
"These old houses were built with their natural surrounding and neighborhood in mind. The modern buildings, on the other hand, are rampant in their competition to be taller and bigger on the expenses of public spaces. It also shows the difference between two eras," Zhang says.
The situation of Hui-style architecture roused widespread attention in April when kung fu star Jacky Chan told the public about his decision to donate his collection of 10 historic Hui-style houses to a Singaporean university.
Zhang says these architectures, after being uprooted from their original location, will lose a great deal of its significance.
"Each house has its own life. There is a dialogue between the architecture and its natural surrounding. Without that dialogue, the house is not exactly what it is," he says.
But, the importance Singapore has attached to the restoration is worth learning from, Zhang says, citing another example of Yinyutang, a Hui-style house that was relocated to the Peabody Essex Museum in the United States in the 1990s.
"Take Yinyutang for example, even the old newspapers from the "cultural revolution" (1966-76) period on the door were treated carefully when the house was dismantled," Zhang says.
For Zhang, despite all the agony and struggles, he has always been clear about his mission: To preserve the memory of the old Huizhou as much as he can.
He is now preparing for a new photo album Vanishing Huizhou, expected to be out in September.