At the heart of China

Updated: 2013-08-29 07:13

By Mei Jia (China Daily)

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 At the heart of China

A face-changing performance of Sichuan Opera is always a crowd-pleaser. Zhao Junchao / Asia News Photo

With three days to spend in Chengdu, reserve one day for the pandas and two for local culture and food, Mei Jia suggests.

Known as the hometown of the panda and hotpot, Chengdu, the capital of Sichuan province, will enact a 72-hour visa-free policy on Sept 1 for visitors from 45 countries.

Those transit passengers holding valid visas and a flight ticket to a third country will be allowed to travel in the city and the regions under the municipal government, making Chengdu the country's fourth city to open up such convenient three-day stops for foreigners.

With a history of 2,700 years, Chengdu is one of the few cities that has not changed its name in the long run of Chinese history. It's now the political, financial and cultural center in southwestern China.

At the heart of China

The city strictly follows the square pattern of ancient royal cities in its primary layout.

Wars once dropped its population to nearly zero. To boost recovery, the emperor asked people from other southern provinces to move in. When different cultures, dialects and cooking methods were brought together, the resulting "Land of Abundance" spurred the birth of Sichuan cuisine, which has become the biggest attraction for many Chinese visitors.

Now with the city government taking great pride in the fact that "half of the Fortune 500 companies are in Chengdu", it has resolved to lure more foreign visitors. Sichuan basin has a wide range of geographic recourses. Tourists are able to sample the wonders of grasslands, ice-capped mountains, hot springs and forests in one visit to the province.

Its rich cultural heritage includes the Qintai Road: Lots of the streets' names have a story behind them, often connected with renowned poets and writers from the past, including literary luminaries Li Bai and Du Fu.

The city preserves a famous well from which poet Xue Tao of the Tang Dynasty (AD 618-907) drew water to make a handmade paper specially designed for poetry writing. Xue's residence is now a park in the city's southern part.

In recent years, many historical sites have been renovated. Here are some tips for anyone ready to rush out of the airport and discover local secrets and must-see places.

 At the heart of China

Locals enjoy their morning sipping a cup of tea in People's Park. Wang Xiwei / Asia News Photo

Day 1: Downtown pleasures

The moment you arrive in the city, you'll be surrounded by teahouses.

One of the best places to enjoy a cup is People's Park, where there is a traditional-style open-air teahouse. Take it easy and follow the locals. Get seated in the bamboo chairs and start with a jasmine tea.

Meantime, enjoy the tea-pouring show. Performers pour steaming water from a pot with a meter-long spout. Or treat yourself with an ear-cleaning service by the masters seen only in Sichuan's teahouses.

Then just relax and chat, play cards, or join in the mahjong games.

 At the heart of China

Ancient courtyard houses are renovated into restaurants, bars and hotels. Niu Shupei / Asia News Photo

The restaurant Dumpling Zhong is next to the teahouse, offering genuine Chengdu snacks.

Order a set of special delicacies for around 30 yuan ($5), and you'll have more than 10 dishes including dumplings, wonton soup, cold dishes and desserts.

The park is also home to a monument commemorating the events that triggered the 1911 Revolution that changed the country dramatically.

The Shrine of the Marquis Wu, a must-see for history lovers, was built in AD 223 to celebrate the wisdom of Zhuge Liang (AD 181-234), prime minister of the Shu Kingdom.

Jinsha Museum, located in western Chengdu, preserves one of the 21st century's most significant archaeological discoveries on the original site. A gold mask and the Sun and Immortal Bird are representative items among the gold and jade articles, which date back about 3,000 years.

Restaurant Hong Xing, not too far from the museum, is a local favorite that offers renewed versions of classic dishes of the Sichuan cuisine.

Then, head to Broad and Narrow Alleys for a walk. The alleys are traces of old Chengdu that have survived the city's expansion and large-scale construction. Once home to Qing Dynasty (1644-1911) Emperor Kangxi's aristocratic soldiers from northern China, the alleys offer rare samples of northern courtyard houses found in southern areas. You'll also find stores, bars, restaurants, teahouses and even hotels.

Immerse yourself in the hot and spicy world at Damiao Hotpot, or treat your eyes and stomach with Chengdu-styled architecture and dishes at Chengdu Impression. Both host lively and humorous Sichuan Opera shows.

Watch closely: The actor's made-up red face can change to a white one in the second he's talking to you.

 At the heart of China

A visit to Chengdu is not complete without getting up close and personal with the pandas. Zhu Xingxin / China Daily

Day 2: Panda, panda

As the habitat of the giant panda, Chengdu offers many chances to be up close and personal with these cute animals.

Chengdu Zoo is one option, but many visitors prefer going to the Chengdu Research Base of Giant Panda Breeding, about 10 km from the city.

There you can observe 121 pandas placed in different areas by age groups. Every panda has a name. They play with toys or with each other. If you're lucky to be there when there are newborn pandas, you can see the infants and how they are nursed.

Returning downtown after spending most of the day with pandas, you can jump into the city's night life. Two sub-branches of the Minjiang River merge in the city's southern part. Hejiang Pavilion overlooks the scene.

Near the pavilion and alongside the river, the Chengdu version of Hong Kong's Lan Kwai Fong is a new landmark for the city's young people and night owls.

Order anything and take in the beautiful views and interesting people around you.

Eastern Suburb Memory is a music-themed park. Like Beijing's 798 Art Zone, the park was formerly a factory that produced engines for aircraft and refrigerators. The industrial roar is long gone.

The night is now filled with the sounds of music from the bars and stages.

Day 3: Suburban delights

The essence of touring Chengdu is actually in suburbs and their countryside attractions.

Mount Qingcheng, located about 70 km away from downtown, is one of the Taoist sacred mountains. Besides the cultural sites, the tall trees and clean brooks create a wonderful place for a hike in the fresh air.

The Dujiangyan Irrigation System was built around 2,200 years ago and still functions.

Popular haunts for the locals are the teahouses alongside the rivers. They always serve tea, snacks and sometimes three exceptional meals a day, using local vegetables and poultry. Mahjong lovers gather there, too.

East of Chengdu's downtown, Luodai town is known for the spicy snacks and traces of former immigrants from other provinces. The most famous is a restaurant serving Tear-Drawing Bean/Rice Jelly. It's so hot and spicy that you can't hold back tears when eating it, but you can't quit because it's too delicious.

Huanglongxi ancient town is 40 km to the south of Chengdu. The old town preserves the former stone road, wooden houses and century-old trees, and has been the setting for a lot of kung fu movies.

The Wenchuan earthquake in 2008 took down part of the town. After reconstruction, the town is open to tourists who can cruise along the river while enjoying a meal on a boat.

Or you can have a meal at a family inn in the countryside. Many families have turned their courtyard houses into inns. Every venue has its signature attractions, from specialty chicken dishes to picturesque fishing ponds, or simply beautiful natural scenes.

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Shirley Zhang, Chen Xin and Pan Xiaowei contributed to the story.